Treatments of Dyspraxia (Developmental Coordination Disorder) | Neurology


What is dyspraxia?

Dyspraxia is a brain-based movement disorder. It influences fine and gross motor skills, motor planning, and coordination. It is not related to intelligence, but it can sometimes affect cognitive skills.

Dyspraxia is sometimes used interchangeably with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). While some clinicians may consider these terms separate, since there is no formal definition, others consider them to be the same. Children born with dyspraxia may be late in reaching developmental milestones. They also have a problem with balance and coordination.

In adolescence and adulthood, symptoms of dyspraxia can lead to learning difficulties and low self-esteem. It is a lifelong condition. There is currently no cure, but there are treatments that can help you manage this disorder effectively.

Symptoms of dyspraxia

Symptoms tend to vary with the individual’s age. Later, we’ll look at each age group in more detail. Some of the general symptoms of this disease include:

  • Poor posture
  • Fatigue
  • Differences in speech
  • Perception problems
  • Poor balance
  • Clumsiness
  • Poor hand-eye coordination

Causes of dyspraxia

Making coordinated movements is a complex process that involves many different nerves and parts of the brain. Any problem with this process may lead to difficulties with movement and coordination.

It is not usually clear why coordination does not develop like other abilities in children with dyspraxia. However, a number of risk factors have been identified that can increase a child’s likelihood of developing dyspraxia.

These include:

  • Premature labour, before the 37th week of pregnancy
  • Being born with a low birth weight
  • Having a family background of dyspraxia, in spite of the fact that it isn’t clear precisely which qualities might be associated with the condition
  • The mother drinks alcohol or does drugs during pregnancy

How is dyspraxia diagnosed?

In the event that you are worried that your kid has dyspraxia, counsel your primary care physician for exhortation, and referral to other specialists.

Your child may be referred to, for example:

  • Speech pathologists for oral and verbal dyspraxia
  • Occupational therapists for oral and motor dyspraxia
  • Physiotherapists for motor dyspraxia

Every doctor will utilize an assortment of appraisal instruments. Your doctor will likely coordinate the evaluation and diagnosis process.

Risk factors

Dyspraxia is more normal in guys than in females. It also tends to run in families.

It may include risk factors for developmental coordination disorders:

  • Premature birth
  • Low birth weight
  • Drug or alcohol abuse from the mother during pregnancy
  • A family history of developmental coordination disorders

It is not unusual for a child with dyspraxia to have other conditions with overlapping symptoms. Some of these:

  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), This causes hyperactive behaviours, difficulty concentrating, and difficulty sitting for long periods
  • Autism spectrum disorder, A neurodevelopmental problem that meddles with social connection and correspondence
  • Youth apraxia of discourse, Which makes it hard to talk plainly
  • Dyscalculia, A disorder that makes it difficult to understand numerology and understand concepts of value and quantity
  • Dyspraxia, Which affects reading and reading comprehension

Although some of the symptoms are similar, these other conditions do not involve the same problems with fine and gross motor skills for dyspraxia. Other conditions such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and stroke can cause physical symptoms similar to indigestion. This is why it is so important to visit a doctor to get a correct diagnosis.

Dyspraxia treatments

The treatment for dyspraxia depends on the child’s symptoms. It aims to support or help your child build skills in the areas he is struggling in.

It may include occupational therapy, motor-perceptual training, and speech therapy. Your child may also be eligible for help at school, and your child’s therapist can teach you ways to help your child at home. There are even fun applications that can support your kid.

Occupational Therapy

Your child will learn to improve coordination for doing daily tasks. They may hold a pencil or walk around objects. An occupational therapist may use special devices to support your child as he learns to improve coordination.

Perceptual motor training

This training can be occupational or physical therapy. Through exercises, your child will build their skills in:

  • Movement and coordination
  • Visual perception
  • Listening and following directions
  • Language

Speech therapy

A speech-language pathologist can help your child with speech and other speech problems. They will have explicit activities that will fabricate your youngster’s abilities. Numerous youngsters with developmental coordination disorder create typical discourse with assistance.

School-based therapy

Numerous schools offer speech therapy, occupational therapy, or both. Your child will need to be evaluated for these special services so that the school therapist can create a plan to help your child.

Your kid may profit by being in a little gathering to work on composing, social abilities, or physical instruction. Your child’s teacher can help, too. They can break homework into smaller tasks or allow your child to use a computer to type in their work.


The outlook for people with developmental coordination disorder depends on the severity of the disorder, its cause, and the availability of early intervention. People with developmental coordination disorder may be able to learn the skills needed to circumvent difficulties and lead normal, productive lives.


Since the cause of developmental coordination disorder is unknown, it is difficult to prevent it. It may be possible to reduce your baby’s chance of developing dyspraxia by not using tobacco, illegal drugs, or alcohol during pregnancy.

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