What is chronic fatigue syndrome?
- Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disorder considered by extreme fatigue or tiredness that does not go away with rest and cannot be explained by an underlying medical condition.
- CFS may also be called myalgic encephalomyelitis (MS) or systemic stress intolerance disease (SEID).
- The causes of chronic fatigue syndrome are not yet fully understood. Some theories include viral infection, psychological stress, or a mixture of factors.
- Because no single cause has been identified, and because many other conditions produce similar symptoms, CFS can be problematic to diagnose.
- There is no testing for CFS. Your doctor will have to rule out other causes of your fatigue when determining a diagnosis.
- While CFS was previously a controversial diagnosis, it is now widely accepted as a medical condition.
- Chronic fatigue syndrome can affect anyone, although it is most common among women in their 40s and 50s. There is currently no cure, but treatment can relieve symptoms.
Causes of chronic fatigue syndrome
The cause of CFS is unknown. There may be more than one cause. It is possible that two or more triggers work together to cause the disease.
Symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome
Myalgic encephalomyelitis / chronic fatigue syndrome (ME / CFS) is about more than feeling tired all the time. It comes with many other symptoms that can make managing daily life difficult. Even simple things like walking to the mailbox or writing a letter can make things worse. Fatigue and symptoms can last 6 months or they can last for years. Sleep and rest don’t make it better either. A doctor can help relieve your symptoms, but you must first receive a diagnosis.
If you have ME / CFS, you will have these three “core” symptoms:
- Reduced ability to perform usual activities for six months or more due to fatigue
- Worsening of symptoms (difficulty thinking, trouble sleeping, sore throat, headaches, feeling dizzy or very tired). after regular physical or mental activity
- Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
Along with all three symptoms, you must have one of these for a chronic fatigue syndrome diagnosis:
- Problems with thinking and memory
- Worsening of symptoms when standing or sitting upright; You may feel lightheaded, dizzy, or weak, and you may have blurred vision or see spots.
Diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome
There is no specific test for CFS / ME, so it is diagnosed based on your symptoms and ruling out other conditions that could be causing your symptoms.
- Your GP will ask about your symptoms and medical history. You may also have blood and urine tests.
- Since the symptoms of CFS / ME are similar to those of many common illnesses that generally improve on their own, a diagnosis of CFS / ME may be considered if it does not improve as quickly as expected.
Treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS / ME)
Treatment for ME / CFS aims to relieve symptoms. Your treatment will depend on how CFS / ME affects you.
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
- A structured exercise program called graded exercise therapy (GET)
- Medicine to control pain, nausea, and trouble sleeping
- Most people with CFS get better over time, although some people do not fully recover.
There are also likely to be periods when your symptoms get better or worse. Children and youth with CFS / ME are more likely to make a full recovery.
Factors that can increase your risk of chronic fatigue syndrome include:
- Years: Chronic fatigue syndrome can occur at any age, but it most often affects young and middle-aged adults.
- Sex: Women are diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome much more frequently than men, but women may just be more likely to report their symptoms to a doctor.
Possible complications of chronic fatigue syndrome include:
- Lifestyle restrictions
- Increase in absences from work
- Social isolation
Prevention of chronic fatigue syndrome
10 tips to prevent Chronic fatigue syndrome:
- Avoid overexertion
- Get your Zzzz
- Calm stress
- Zap root diseases
- Include an extra break at special events
- Calculate your limits
- Adopt a reasonable schedule
- Increase your energy level with food
- Exercise, but do it wisely
- Keep your head up