What does a neurosurgeon do? | Neurology


Who is a Neurosurgeon?

A doctor who specializes in neurosurgery those doctors are called neurosurgeons. Neurosurgeons are not simply brain specialists, they are medicinally prepared neurosurgery pros who can likewise assist patients with back and neck torment just as a large group of other ailments ranging from trigeminal neuralgia to head injury and Parkinson’s disease.

What is neurosurgery?

Neurosurgery is the surgery of the nervous system. Most people think neurosurgery is brain surgery – but it’s so much more than that!

It is the medical speciality worried about diagnosing and treating patients experiencing diseases/disorders of the brain, spinal cord, spine, and peripheral nerves in all parts of the body. The speciality of neurosurgery includes both adult and pediatric patients. Contingent upon the idea of the injury or sickness, the neurosurgeon may give careful and/or nonsurgical consideration.

What conditions do neurosurgeons treat?

Neurosurgeons are prepared to get individuals with injury to the mind and spine, aneurysms, blood vessel blockages, persistent lower back pain, birth defects, tumors in the cerebrum and spinal cord, and peripheral nerve problems. Neurosurgeons also perform surgeries for carpal tunnel syndrome, surgery to remove brain and spine tumors, and spine surgery. They also treat conditions that don’t require surgery such as Parkinson’s disease or lower back pain, according to the Oregon University of Health and Science.

Nature of the work

Neurosurgeons may work with patients of all ages from premature babies to the elderly. Some cases are immediately life-threatening despite treatment for debilitating chronic conditions.

Neurosurgery is a very difficult surgical speciality as techniques and techniques are constantly evolving. Increasingly, minimally invasive procedures with surgical and endoscopic microscopes are being used that yield similar or better results than open surgery. Benefits for the patient include less pain, faster recovery time, and less scarring.

Common procedures/interventions

  • Craniotomy: Surgical microscopes are used to help the surgeon make narrow openings that reduce damage to other brain tissue to remove tumors
  • Neuroendoscopy: Using specialized endoscopes with high-definition video cameras to treat tumors deep in the brain and base of the skull. The tumor can be removed in a minimally invasive way
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery: This is a non-invasive form of treatment of tumors that focuses radiation on a part of the brain

Neurosurgeons also use very advanced imaging procedures, for example, to look at the function of the brain around a tumor. This helps the surgeon check the boundaries of the tumor and see if it is actively dividing. Neurosurgeons work closely with radiologists and use a range of diagnostic tools including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and other techniques such as cerebral angiography.

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