Overview of neuro-oncology
Neuro-Oncology is a multidisciplinary journal and clinical research in all areas of research related to cancer and the dominant nervous system. It provides a unique forum for communication among neurologists, neurosurgeons, radiation therapists, medical oncologists, neuropathologists, neurodiagnostic, and laboratory oncologists conducting relevant research.
Purpose of the review
Neuro-oncological patients are commonly found in clinical practice. Neuro-oncology is a rapidly evolving field, so understanding the more classic paradigms and contemporary advancements will optimize patient care.
We discuss the recent reclassification of tumours done molecular features as applied to direct clinical practice and review the present standard of care for infiltrating gliomas, meningiomas, brain metastases, and CNS lymphoma.
Neuro-Oncology is the leading journal in our field. It is owned by our associated company, the Neuro-Oncology Society of America, with EANO as a minority shareholder. The journal is published by Oxford University Press (OUP). Both EANO and SNO members have free access to this important magazine, with an impact factor that shows a constant annual increase.
How long is the neuro-oncology scholarship?
The Neuro-Oncology Fellowship Program offers a 2 to 3 years arrangement of clinical and research training for those who have completed a residency in pediatric or adult neurology. The objective of the program is for students to gain experience in the diagnosis and treatment of primary tumours of the central nervous system.
What does a neuro-oncologist do?
A doctor who has special training in the diagnosis and treatment of brain tumours and other tumours of the nervous system.
How do you specialize in neurology?
Path to becoming a neurologist or neurosurgeon
It’s important to understand that while becoming a neurologist or a neurosurgeon is a fulfilling career choice, it’s not easy to get there. Having a high level of interest is necessary. You must also enjoy interacting with people and listening carefully to what they have to say. In some ways diagnosing a neurological disorder is detective work. Anything a patient tells you may be substantial.
Other essential skills involve outstanding communication and leadership. You will have to be good at problem-solving and have great amounts of patience, dexterity and physical stamina. As for any medical doctor, compassion and empathy are necessary since you will be interacting with people who are ill and very worried about their health and longevity.
Because the field of neurology is so detailed, the amount of education you need is extensive. Here are the basic steps you’ll take:
Step 1: Obtain an undergraduate degree
Post-secondary education is a must. Research colleges and find the ones you are most interested in attending. Look for universities with excellent reputations and outstanding pre-medical curriculum. There is no doubt you will choose a major in one of the sciences like chemistry or biology. Focusing on advanced biological sciences is a good option. Pre-requisite medical courses should include microbiology, biochemistry and human anatomy.
The objective of your undergraduate degree is to prepare you for medical school, which is the next step. Besides attending a well-respected university with an excellent science curriculum, maintaining a grade point average of 3.5 or higher is critical if you want to optimize your potential acceptance into a U.S. medical school.
Step 2: Take the MCAT and Apply to Medical Schools
All medical schools require potential students to take an admissions exam known as the MCAT (Medical College Admission Test). You’ll take this standardized exam during your junior year of college. The results of this test give medical schools a good idea of the skills you acquired in your undergraduate pre-med program. You will have to obtain a minimum score on this if you want an admissions interview at any medical school. Since admission into these schools is highly competitive, taking a specialized study course to get the best score you can is something to plan on.
Step 3: Attend Medical School and Obtain a Medical Degree
Once you’re in medical school, you’ll take four years of the medical curriculum. This curriculum is general and consists of medical classes intended to give you an overview of the content. Experiential opportunities exist where you practice what you are learning in the classroom.
In the second half of a traditional four-year program, aspiring neurosurgeons and neurologists can register for courses that include medical diagnostics, disease management and, in the case of neurosurgery, surgical practices. When you get to the point of practical rotations, choose those experiences that allow you to examine and treat patients within what is called a teaching hospital. Interacting with patients under the supervision of qualified neurologists or neurosurgeons exposes you to situations you may encounter in your practice.
Step 4: Complete an Internship or Neurosurgical Residency Program
In addition to passing a medical licensure exam, you’ll complete an internship. The internship allows you to apply everything you learned in medical school but under the supervision of a seasoned, qualified medical doctor. This hands-on experience will make you a better physician, and further prepare you for your specialization of neurology.
With your interest in neurology, part of your medical training will include a one-year hospital internship. During this phase, you’ll manage patients and develop some of the skills that will be vital to your future career. Part of your internship will include staying updated with the latest information in the field.
While you’re engaged in your internship, you will search for a residency program unique to the neurological speciality you selected. Tracks include headache medicine, neuromuscular medicine, strokes, etc. If you desire to become a neurosurgeon, you’ll involve yourself in a neurosurgical internship.
Step 5: Get Board Certified and State Licensed
Your journey is not yet over. There are licensure and certification tests you must take, and pass. They have both oral and written components. These exams assess your ability to apply the knowledge, principles, and concepts you have learned in school to actual practice. By the conclusion of them, you will have independent verification that you can practice safe and effective patient care. These tests are rigorous, and as with the MCAT, it is strongly recommended that you take the time to participate in a review course before attempting any of the exams.
Step 6: Continuing Education
Despite all the education required for becoming a neurologist or neurosurgeon, continuing education is necessary to renew your state license and board certification. Both of these have to be periodically updated for you to keep practising.
Continuing education can be completed through fellowships for both neurologists and neurosurgeons. You can choose to focus on oncology or paediatrics or other subspecialties within the field of neurology, surgical or non-surgical. Specialization requires several more years of education. The length varies depending upon your subspecialty. For example, a vascular neurology fellowship may take only a year, but a child neurology fellowship could be three years.
What are the different types of oncology?
The field of oncology has three main areas: medical, surgical and radiological.
- A medical oncologist treats cancer with chemotherapy or other drugs, such as targeted therapy or immunotherapy.
- A surgical oncologist eliminates the tumour and nearby tissue during surgery.
- A radiation oncologist treats cancer using radiation therapy.
Other types of oncologists include:
- A gynecologic oncologist treats gynecologic cancers, such as uterine, ovarian, and cervical cancers.
- A pediatric oncologist treats cancer in children. Some types of cancer occur most often in children and teenagers. This includes certain brain tumours, leukaemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma. Types of cancer more common in children sometimes also occur in adults. In these situations, an adult may decide to work with a pediatric oncologist.
- A haematologist-oncologist diagnoses and treats blood cancers, such as leukaemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.
What does a neurologist do every day?
A neurologist treats diseases of the dominant and peripheral nervous systems, which contain the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and muscles. It is a complex field with a wide range of subspecialties, including stroke, sleep disorders, and Alzheimer’s disease.