Overview of Neurology General Precautions | Neurology

Neurology general precautions

What are neurology general precautions?

Neurology precautions: Neurology is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diseases of the brain and nervous system. The brain body’s control center is the place where our thoughts originate and our memories are stored. It regulates movement and speech, processes sensory information, regulates hormonal secretion, and produces our emotions. A healthy brain works quickly and automatically as a new computer. But conditions or injuries that affect the brain can cause a wide variety of symptoms that affect a person’s ability to remember, move, speak, or use their senses. Treatments for brain diseases vary in symptoms, from medication to rehabilitation, minimally invasive procedures, or open surgery.

The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the functions of the body. When something is wrong with your nervous system, you have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You may also have problems with memory, senses, or mood.

There are more than 600 neurological diseases. There are main types:

  • Diseases caused by wrong genes, such as Huntington’s disease and muscular dystrophy
  • Problems with the developing nervous system, such as spina bifida
  • Degenerative diseases, where nerve cells are damaged or die, such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease
  • Diseases of the blood vessels supplying the brain, such as stroke
  • Injuries to the spinal cord and brain
  • Seizure disorders such as epilepsy
  • Cancer like brain tumors
  • Infections such as meningitis

Neurologists use specialized tests of mood, vision, speech, strength, sensation, coordination, reflexes, and gait to diagnose the most complex conditions. Although general neurologists are not surgeons, they do perform some procedures for examination purposes, including:

  • Pelvic puncture to diagnose cerebrospinal fluid, also known as a lumbar puncture
  • An electromyogram, or EMG, is a test that examines how muscles respond to nerve signals.
  • Nerve conduction study or NCS that measures the speed and strength of electrical activity in the nerve
  • The neurological exam may include a CT scan or CT scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and/or electroencephalography (EEG).

Benefits of physical activity in neurology precautions

Researchers have recently found a strong link between physical exercise and the prevention or delay of neurodegenerative symptoms, including a failure in motor skills and mental ability in patients with impaired neuro-diseases such as MS and Alzheimer’s.

A review by Harutoshi Sakakima suggests that physical exercise acts as a prototypical preconditioning stimulus that provides brain-protective effects and is a safe and viable treatment option to provide endogenous neuroprotection in acute and chronic stroke patients.

A randomized study examining the effects of balance training with electromyogram-activated functional electrical stimulation (EMG-activated FES) to improve static balance, dynamic balance, and activation of the ankle muscles suggest positive results in stroke patients.

Exercise improves the physical and mental well-being of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Patients exercise moderately for 60 minutes a week. Compared with patients who did not exercise, patients who exercised were less prone to depression, shorter distances, shorter falls, and then placed in nursing homes.

Patients with exercise-induced neurological disorders may experience decreased stiffness as well as relapse of muscle reduction and atrophy.

Research has shown that exercise improves gait, balance, tremors, flexibility, grip strength, and motor coordination in patients with Parkinson’s disease.

Once patients cannot meet, there is a decrease in their nervous state. Recent research suggests a possible mechanism for this decline: a study in mice suggests that the production and maintenance of healthy neurons require less physical activity to transport organs. The authors say: “The overall results support the existence of a link between exercise and muscle utilization and metabolism in the brain, and thus provide valuable new information that clarifies how conditions such as underload and underload exist lack of movement. With some neurological diseases, it can affect nerve stem cell symptoms and contribute to the negative manifestations of these conditions. ”

Barriers to physical activity of neurological precautions

  • 35% -95% are associated with chronic fatigue and depression
  • The severity of the disease
  • Pre-existing comorbid conditions
  • Lack of motivation
  • Cognitive and learning skills
  • Social and environmental; Program costs, transportation routes, access, family support, social policies, and social stigma

Barriers to health and fitness facilities;

  • Lack of awareness of disability among fitness professionals
  • Hot climates cause overheating
  • Access to the bathroom
  • The temperature of the pools is very cold and people cannot move fast to go to war
  • Fear of falling
  • Safety issues like wet floors in locker rooms, poorly maintained equipment, and inappropriate hosts in pool areas

Prescription exercise:

  • The best way to achieve these benefits is to exercise consistently. People who have been involved in exercise programs with Parkinson’s for more than six months have shown significant gains in functional balance and mobility compared to the duration of two to ten weeks, regardless of the intensity of the exercise.
  • A specialist doctor must carry out a risk assessment and detection before participating in any physical activity program.
  • For aerobic exercise, it is recommended to dedicate 10 minutes or more (30 minutes 5 times a week) 150 minutes (2.5 hours a week) to moderate-intensity exercises.
  • Exercises are progressive muscle-strengthening activities that engage the main muscle groups of the body 2 or more days a week.

Tips for the patient

  • Always be prepared before starting your exercise routine and cool down at the end.
  • If you plan to work 30 minutes, start with 10-minute sessions and increase your workload.
  • Exercise your facial muscles, jaw, and tone whenever possible.
  • Sing or read aloud, exaggerating the movements of your lips.
  • Make faces in the mirror.
  • Chew food vigorously and avoid swallowing large pieces. Instead, chew each piece for at least 20 seconds.
  • Try water exercises like water aerobics. They are usually easier on the joints and require less balance.
  • Work in a safe environment. Avoid slippery floors, poor lighting, rugs, and other potential hazards.
  • If you have difficulty keeping your balance, exercise to hold onto a bar or train. If you are having trouble standing or getting up, try exercising on the couch rather than on the floor or mat.

Above all, choose a hobby or activity that you enjoy and keep doing it. Some clues:

  • Gardening or walking or swimming or water aerobics or yoga or tai chi
  • Rest your muscles for at least a day between strength training sessions
  • Activities should be done with moderate intensity. Moderate-intensity physical activity is usually a 5 or 6 on a scale of 10, and your heart rate will increase. As a general rule of thumb, if you do a moderate-intensity activity, you can speak during the activity, but not sing the song.

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