General Topics

How Yoga Can Boost Your Nervous System? | Neurology

Yoga for a strong nervous system

While physical health is very significant, keeping the nervous system strong plays an important role in causal the overall health of our bodies. Shaky hands and legs, constant pain in the head and face, high blood pressure are some of the first signs of neurological conditions. Our lifestyle plays an important role as it directly affects our body. Nerves act like wires in our body.

Information is circulated to the brain about what is happening in the body. When these nerves stop working properly, it is considered a neurological defect. This nerve problem is temporary at times and sometimes becomes a lifelong problem. Swami Ramdev, in a special program on India TV, has shared some yoga asanas and pranayamas that are very effective in strengthening the nervous system.

Yoga asanas for a strong nervous system

  1. Vakrasana: It helps to facilitate digestion and regulates the secretion of digestive juices.
  2. Ustrasana: Helps reduce thigh fat, strengthens shoulders and back, expands the abdominal region and improves breathing.
  3. Gomukhasana: It is very beneficial in the treatment of chronic knee pain, it strengthens the spine and abdominal muscles. It also helps improve chest activity.
  4. Yoga Mudra Asana: This asana helps to eradicate migraine headaches and sinus problems. It also helps treat liver and kidney diseases.
  5. Mandukasana: This asana helps treat constipation problems and strengthens immunity. Mandukasana also helps control diabetes and cholesterol.
  6. Halasana: It helps to cure back pain, infertility, insomnia, sinusitis, thyroid problems and menstruation.
  7. Uttanpadasana: Helps treat heartburn, indigestion and constipation. It also cures back pain and improves reproductive organs.

Five yoga poses to calm the nervous system

There seems to be a frenzied cloud above, raining stress and anxiety almost everywhere. Your name? Coronavirus. Did you know that yoga is one of the best ways to relieve stress and anxiety? Yeah, that’s right. Rendering to the American Anxiety and Depression Connotation, 31.1 per cent of adults in the US will suffer from an anxiety disorder at some point in their lives. And with COVID-19 causing so much stress, worry, and restlessness, it might be time to take a closer look at yoga, especially during these uncomfortable days.

Stress and anxiety trigger the release of cortisol and adrenaline in the body. That creates an imbalance of the sympathetic nervous system (your fight or flight response) that can lead to an increased risk of illness and disease. A daily yoga practice can help counteract these adverse reactions, increase relaxation, and restore balance to the body and mind. It is also good that it induces a sense of tranquillity and well-being. That’s something many of us would trade an essential paper product for!

Child’s pose (Balasana)

All levels of yogis adopt the child’s pose, also known as the “resting” posture when they are between challenging poses. This allows a pause in the breath and time to reflect on the thoughts that appear during the practice. Many express a sense of comfort in this posture, relieving symptoms of anxiety.

Tree pose (Vrikasana)

Also known as the standing pose, this posture is a great way to focus the mind on one point, called the “dristi point,” that dominates a busy mind. Balancing body weight on one leg requires a calm mind, gentle breathing, and constant focus. The physical nature of this pose fundamentally takes you away from anxious thoughts because you take your mind elsewhere.

Legs up the wall pose (Viparita Karani)

This is the best pose to restore body and mind. This pose not only provides immediate relief to the lower back, but it effectively relieves anxiety symptoms. The best place to perform this pose is in a quiet place in your home where there are few distractions, perhaps a serene and comfortable hiding place.

Bridge Pose (Setu Bandha Sarvangasana)

A light inversion posture can be both energizing and restorative, depending on how it is performed. When the sacrum is supported by a blockage, it is more therapeutic and revitalizing.

Crocodile pose (Makarasana)

The crocodile pose facilitates diaphragmatic breathing and relaxation, which are vital to overall health and well-being. It also correlates with the harmonious functioning of the nervous system by triggering the relaxation response. The abdomen rests on the floor, which generates an expansion into the lower back and ribs. This is an excellent pose for insomnia, it reduces stress on the shoulders and spine and improves bad posture habits. It also helps regulate blood pressure and anxiety.

How yoga can stimulate your nervous system

The human body is something really incredible. It has so many different systems working 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to keep us alive and well. And most of the time we are completely ignorant of what goes on behind the scenes. But what makes everything run smoothly? If you want, who is the director of this incredible performance?

Your driver tonight is……

The nervous system is a large ancient electrical circuit that constantly communicates between the different parts of our body. Every second, thousands of messages are transmitted from one place to another around us as we go about our daily activities. These nerve signals collect information from every part of our body and orchestrate the right reactions to create a wonderful concert that is our body and its functions. Most of us will have learned in school that the brain makes our muscles work through nerves and that we can recognize the names of some of the nerves.

Our nervous system has five different parts: the brain and spinal cord (also called the central nervous system). system), the peripheral nerves, the enteric nervous source and our autonomic nervous system. They are all made up of nerves that carry electrical messages throughout the body to control their various functions but each has a specific function and yoga can affect each one differently. Let’s start with the autonomic nervous system.

Two sides of your autonomic nervous system 

Have you heard of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems? Together they create the autonomic nervous system. The sympathetic side of the system is the one that produces the fear, fight and flight reaction that was so important in keeping cavemen alive when faced with ferocious animals. Basically, when we find ourselves in a life-threatening situation, we get a flood of hormones that prepare us for anything. Our heart rate increases, our blood pressure rises, our muscles are alert, and our senses are heightened. In other words, our body is prepared to fight, or run, for our life.

Yoga to cure current illness

Ideally, these two systems balance each other so that for each moment of fight and flight there is a time of calm and subsequent settlement and the body returns to balance. Unfortunately, modern life with its stresses and pressures has a tendency to cause much more of a fight-and-flight response without much calm to balance us. This results in a gradual dominance of the sympathetic over the parasympathetic with resulting health problems such as elevated blood pressure, elevated heart rate, increased muscle tension, digestive problems, headaches, and poor sleep patterns.

General Topics

Nerve Strengthening Exercises for Peripheral Neuropathy | Neurology

Techniques for nerve strengthening exercises

To get the detailed information regarding the most common techniques for nerve strengthening exercises first of all know the nervous system and its importance.

What is the nervous system?

Your nervous system is governed by your brain and spinal cord; Together they are considered the central nervous system or CNS. All nerve signals are sent to and from these areas for processing. Nerve branches with cells called neurons separate from the CNS into muscles, tissues, and organs. Neurons form connections or pathways as you learn a new task. Once a task is learned and a path is made, such as learning to walk, the task becomes easier. Since nerve pathways are produced by repeating movements and thoughts, exercise can help rebuild damaged connections.

There are three main types of exercise suitable for people with peripheral neuropathy: aerobic, balancing, and stretching. Before you start exercising, warm up your muscles with dynamic stretches like arm circles. Promotes flexibility and increases blood flow. It also increases your energy and activates your nerve signals.

Aerobic exercises

Aerobic exercises move large muscles and make you breathe deeply. It increases blood flow and releases endorphins, which act as the body’s natural pain relievers. Best practices for aerobic exercise are 30 minutes a day, regular activities at least three days a week. If you’re just starting out, try exercising for 10 minutes a day to get started.

Some examples of aerobic exercise are:

  • Walk fast
  • Swimming
  • Cycling
  • Balance training
  • Peripheral neuropathy makes your muscles and joints feel tight and sometimes weak. Balanced training increases your strength and reduces feelings of tension. Better balance also prevents waterfalls.

The first balance training exercises include leg and calf raises.

Side leg raise

  • Using a chair or counter, balance with one hand.
  • Stand slightly apart with your legs.
  • Slowly lift one leg to the side and hold it for 5-10 seconds.
  • Lower your leg at the same speed.
  • Repeat with the other leg.
  • When you are improving your balance, try this exercise without holding the counter.
  • Calf raising
  • Using a chair or counter, keep your balance steady.
  • Raise your heels two feet off the ground so you can stand on your toes.
  • Get off slowly.
  • Repeat for 10 to 15 repetitions.

Stretching exercises

Stretching increases your flexibility and warms up your body for other physical activities. Routine stretching also reduces the risk of injury during exercise. Common techniques are the calf stretch and the seated tendon stretch.

Calf stretched

  • Place one leg behind you while pointing your leg forward.
  • Lean one foot forward with the opposite foot and slightly bend your knee.
  • Step forward with your front leg while placing your heel on your back leg planted on the ground.
  • Hold this stretch for 15 seconds.
  • Do three times per leg.

Seated tendon stretch

  • Sit on the edge of the chair.
  • Extend one leg in front of you as shown above the toes.
  • Bend your opposite knee with your foot flat on the ground.
  • Place your chest on your straight leg and keep your back straight until you feel the muscle stretch.
  • Hold this position for 15 to 20 seconds.
  • Do three times per leg.

Take a break

When was the last time you stopped to relax? As the saying goes, the best exercise is to take a break from the routine. Breaks can be very helpful when you need to be in a monotonous state for hours on end for your work.

Certain relaxation activities, like playing golf or basketball, can cause pinched nerves. Even the simple act of texting, when repeated, can cause it. It is important to know the limits of your body.

Walk and run

Walking and jogging on a daily basis can have a positive effect on your nervous system. Both types of exercise promote cognitive and muscle function and can prevent the degeneration of nerve cells in your brain, says the Franklin Institute. If you are a man, resistance training is more beneficial than pause training, but the opposite may be true for women. According to a March 2011 study published in the Annals of Anatomy, modest daily treadmill training can have a significant impact on axon growth and optimal connection direction. In male mice, the researchers found that running slowly and patiently produced a lot of growth of axons with precise connections. In contrast, female rats responded better to high-intensity leisure exercise.

Adjust your workstation

If you are looking for a way to treat your pinched nerve, make changes to your workstation. The ergonomic workstation can be of great help to your posture and pain.

The standing workstation is one answer for many adults in the United States who experience back pain. It moves the spine and keeps it straight. You can buy a variety of standing desks online, most of which go from sitting to standing when the button is pressed.

Adjusting your workstation is like trying to change chairs. Ergonomic office chairs are available in-store and online. Test and fix your office changes for a while to see what works best for you.

Use heat and ice packs

It is true that this is a relaxing tip: take a hot bath. That pinched nerve can cause muscle tension. When you put some heat in that area, the muscles surrounding the nerve relax and relax.

The best thing about heat treatment is that not only does it look great, but it also increases blood flow. That means it speeds up your healing process. Please note that it is better to heat for 10-15 minutes at intervals.

Thermal packs aside, ice packs are also great for reducing inflammation. This is an ideal remedy if you have muscle aches or stress. As with heating pads, a maximum of 15 minutes of contact time is sufficient.

Leg raise

This is a good reason to buy a new footstool or fancy ottoman. If you have a pinching sensation of the nerves in your lower back, it is a good idea to lift your legs. Check to see if both knees and hips are flexed at 90 degrees.

If you don’t have a footrest, there is another option. Put some pillows under your knees while sitting. That way, your legs are still elevated at the angle.

If you still have some pain, lie down. You can do this in bed or on the couch. Bring your knees to your chest. Before going to sleep, keep your body on your side. Raise the other leg by placing a pillow between the legs. This will help you sleep a little better.

Enjoy a pain-free lifestyle

On a regular basis, these 6 exercises can help you get rid of pinched nerve pain. These are just a few of the self-care exercises. If you find that the pain is too much, you should consult a spine specialist.

Did you enjoy reading? Check out our other blog posts for more information on spinal conditions. The benefits of good posture are discussed here.

General Topics

Homeopathic Remedies for Nervous System Disorders | Neurology

What are homeopathic remedies for the nervous system?

Homeopathy is complementary medicine. It is used as an alternative and natural treatment for certain diseases. This includes anxiety. There are many homeopathic remedies for anxiety, including club moss, pulsatilla, aconite, and others. Much research has been done to determine if homeopathy works for anxiety. Homeopathy has been used for more than two centuries and many people claim that it works.

However, reports on homeopathic remedies can be flawed, unscientific, or biased. For this reason, homeopathy remains an alternative approach outside of the mainstream. However, it has some merits, including the placebo effect, when used as a treatment for anxiety. Homeopathy also has few side effects if it is administered safely and correctly.

Homeopathic remedies for the “nervous system”

  • Ignatia Amara: The homeopathic remedy Ignatia Amara (Ign.) Comes from the San Ignacio bean, which is the seed of Ignatia Amaris, a climbing shrub native to China, the Philippines, and Indonesia.
  • Avena Sativa: Avena Sativa homeopathic remedy is made from wild oats and is found in the species that include the cereal grains and seeds of this plant.
  • Raw Coffea: Just like coffee kills the nerves, Coffea Cruda relaxes them, relieving many stress-related symptoms as you go along, including hypersensitivity, jittery, sharp headaches, and of course insomnia due to an overactive mind. , arousal, caffeine, or coffee.

Homeopathic remedies for neurological disorders (demyelinating diseases)

The human body has a very intricate nervous system, which is made up of a network of nerves. The nervous system, which contains the motor nervous system, the sensory nervous system, and the autonomic nervous system, performs several important functions in the human body. Therefore, any problem related to the nervous system requires a careful examination to determine the diseases and prescribe the drug to the patient.

Any dysfunction of the nervous system can lead to serious neurological problems such as paralysis, stroke, epilepsy, hysteria, etc. A demyelinating disease or disorder occurs due to damage to the protective covering called the myelin sheath that surrounds nerve fibers in the brain and spine. Cable nerve impulses stop or slow down when the myelin sheath is damaged and the patient suffers from a number of neurological problems.

There are many types of demyelinating diseases. Some of the most common are multiple sclerosis, optic neuromyelitis, optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Of these, multiple sclerosis is the most common nerve disorder. It occurs due to inflammation and injury to the myelin sheath. This results in inflammation of the nerve fibers causing multiple areas of sclerosis or scarring.

Homeopathic remedies for neurological diseases

Homeopathy has excellent remedies for neurological disorders. This is because homeopathic treatment focuses on the person and their pathological condition. In addition, homeopathic medicines are prescribed after taking into account the constitutional type of the patient, such as physical, emotional, and psychological makeup and his medical history. A skilled homeopath determines all factors, including the patient’s miasmatic tendency before determining any treatment. Some of the remedies for demyelinating diseases are:

  • Causticum: it is an actual remedy for multiple sclerosis that manifests itself in chronic paralytic conditions. Symptoms are tearing, drawing pains, and severe weakness. The other indications are total paralysis of parts of the body such as vocal cords, tongue, eyelids, face, bladder, and extremities. The patient experiences vision problems and dark spots in the center of vision and restless legs with weak ankles at night.
  • Gelsemium: This is the finest known curative homeopathic treatment for motorized paralysis. It acts on the nervous system and works best when there is dizziness, tremors, drowsiness, and paralysis of the throat, larynx, and extremities. It also asks for strong indications of motor nerve problems such as muscle cramps, lack of muscle coordination, runny urine, chills, tremors, partial paralysis of the bladder, heavy eyelids, and blurred vision.
  • Oxalic Acid: Oxalic acid is an effective medication for posterior cerebral and spinal multiple sclerosis. The indications are lancinating, stabbing, and spasmodic pains in different parts of the external body. The other symptoms are muscle prostration, numbness, tingling, and back pain.
  • Phosphorus: It is the best curative for atrophy and softening of the brain and spinal cord, causing prostration, tremors, numbness, and complete paralysis. The symptoms are locomotor ataxia. Also, sensory-motor nerve paralysis can result in paralysis from the tips of the fingers to the feet. The patient experiences vulnerability to light, sound, touch, and thunder.
General Topics

Ayurvedic Treatments for Neurological disorders | Neurology

What are neurological disorders?

The manifestations of neurological disorders depend on how and which part of the nervous system is affected: central or peripheral, or there are combined disorders.

  • The central part includes both brains: The brain and the spinal cord. They process information about what is happening in the body, as well as control and coordinate all its reactions and functions. This applies both to the organism internally and to its contacts with the environment. This is realized with the help of the peripheral part of the nervous system.
  • It is a continuation of the brain and includes the nerves of the body, its divisions/cervical, shoulders, lumbar, and other / and ganglia. Finished, brain impulses are transmitted to the limbs and various organs, and response is returned.
  • Neurological diseases are disorders that can occur anywhere in this chain. The brain, for example, can become inflamed, since meningitis is an inflammation of the outer layer, and encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain matter itself. Many other neurological disorders are associated with the brain: atherosclerosis, depression, phobia, epilepsy, autism, personality disorders, etc.

Different Ayurvedic treatments for neurological disorders

Speaking of treating neurological disorders associated with Vata, we have to clarify one thing. Vata is responsible for all the movements of the body, so without that energy, the other two Doshas cannot flow in the body. Therefore, disturbances in Vata can even cause blockages in Pitta and Kapha.

And generally, when one Dosha becomes unbalanced, it also causes imbalances in the other two. Therefore, the Ayurvedic specialist must determine what are the imbalances and the extent of the deviations of the Doshas, in order to prescribe a treatment, etc., a way to restore their natural proportions that are unique to all.

From a philosophical point of view, Vata is related to wind and space, individually, with lightness, dryness, and coldness. Like everything else, these can also be balanced with their opposites. Therefore, to calm Vata, food must be heavier, oily, fluid and hot, freshly prepared, and the flavors salty, sweet.

Recommended foods:

  • Basmati rice
  • Wheat
  • Quinoa
  • Oats

Foods to avoid:

  • Corn
  • Rye
  • Barley
  • Son

Recommended fruits:

  • Raspberries
  • Strawberries
  • Figs
  • Lemons
  • Cherries
  • Plums
  • Melons
  • Pineapple and so on

Vegetables to add to the menu:

  • Carrots
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Beet
  • Asparagus
  • Cucumbers

The spices are also heating up. For example:

  • Garlic
  • Cumin
  • Ginger
  • dill

Black pepper and so on, since according to the opinion of the Ayurvedic specialist oils can be taken internally. Traditionally, you can drink a cup of ginger tea in the morning and at night before bed, a cup of turmeric milk.

Along with the Ayurvedic nutritional regimen, cleansing of toxins that accumulate in the body should also be performed as an essential part of restoring the natural state and optimal functioning of the organs. Externally it is done with the pouring of oils to warm the body, massages, herbal rubs, as well as herbal sauna.

Oils are opposed to dryness, as the most beneficial are hemp, flax, sesame, oil, ghee, and others. Internal cleansing is done with laxatives and cleansers. Treatment also includes meditation and yoga – selected asanas and exercises for neurological disorders.

Disease General Topics

Treatments for Functional Neurological Disorder | Neurology

What is a functional neurological disorder?

Functional neurological disorder (FND) is a medicinal condition in which there is a problem with the operative of the nervous system and how the brain and body send and/or receive signals, rather than a structural disease process such as multiple sclerosis or a stroke. The functional neurological disorder can encompass a wide variety of neurological symptoms, such as limb weakness or seizures.

A functional neurological disorder is a condition at the interface between the specialties of neurology and psychiatry. Conventional tests, such as brain MRIs and EEGs, are usually normal in patients with functional neurological disorders. This has historically led to both doctors and researchers neglecting the disease.

However, it has now been established that functional neurological disorder is a common cause of disability and distress, which can overlap with other problems such as chronic pain and fatigue. Encouraging studies support the possible reversibility of functional neurological disorder with specifically designed treatments. New scientific findings are influencing the way patients are diagnosed and treated, which is creating a general shift in attitudes towards people with functional neurological disorders.

Older ideas that functional neurological disorder is “totally psychological” and that diagnosis is made only when someone has normal tests have changed since the mid-2000s. New understanding, including modern neuroscientific studies, has shown that FND it is not a diagnosis of exclusion. It has specific clinical features of its own and is a disorder of nervous system functioning in which many perspectives are needed. These vary greatly from person to person. In some people, psychological factors are important, in others they are not.

Signs and symptoms of functional neurological disorder

Patients with a functional neurological disorder can experience a wide range and combination of physical, sensory, and/or cognitive symptoms. The most common include:

Motor dysfunction

  • Functional weakness/paralysis of the limbs
  • Functional movement disorders; including tremors, spasms (dystonia), jerky movements (myoclonus), and trouble walking (gait disorder)
  • Functional speech symptoms; including whispering (dysphonia), slurred speech, or stuttering

Sensory dysfunction

  • Functional sensory disturbance includes altered sensation; eg numbness, tingling, or pain in the face, torso, or extremities. This often occurs on one side of the body
  • functional visual symptoms; including vision loss or double vision

Episodes of altered consciousness

  • Dissociative (non-epileptic) seizures, fainting spells, and fainting spells: These symptoms may overlap and may look like epileptic seizures or blackouts (syncope)

Symptoms often fluctuate and can vary from day to day or be present all the time. Some patients with a functional neurological disorder may experience a substantial or even complete remission followed by sudden relapses of symptoms.

Patients with the functional neurological disorder often experience other physical and psychological symptoms, but they may not be present. These include chronic pain, fatigue, trouble sleeping, memory symptoms, bowel and bladder symptoms, anxiety, and depression.

Causes functional neurological disorder

The exact cause of the functional neurological disorder is unknown, although ongoing research is beginning to provide suggestions on how and why it develops. Many different predisposing factors can make patients more susceptible to FND, such as having another neurological condition, experiencing chronic pain, fatigue, or stress. However, some people with functional neurological disorders do not have any of these risk factors.

By the time FND begins, studies have shown that there can be triggers such as a physical injury, infectious disease, panic attack, or migraine that can give someone the first experience of symptoms. These symptoms usually go away on their own.

However, in FND the symptoms “get stuck” in a “pattern” in the nervous system. This “pattern” is reflected in altered brain function. The result is a genuine and disabling problem, which the patient cannot control. The goal of treatment is to “retrain the brain,” for example, by unlearning abnormal and dysfunctional movement patterns that have developed and re-learning normal movement.

One way to think about FND is to think of it as a “software” problem on a computer. The “hardware” is not damaged, but there is a problem with the “software”, so the computer does not work, it does not work properly. Conventional structural magnetic resonance imaging of the brain is usually normal in FND unless the person has another neurological condition.

Functional brain scans (fMRI) are beginning to provide early evidence of how the brain fails in FND. Functional magnetic resonance imaging shows changes in FND patients who look different from healthy patients without these symptoms, as well as from healthy people who “pretend” to have these symptoms.

Functional imaging is still a research tool and is not sufficiently developed to be used in the diagnosis of FND. The scans support what patients and researchers already know: These are genuine disorders in which there is a change in how the brain works, which is beyond the control of the person with FND.

Diagnosis of functional neurological disorder

The diagnosis of a functional neurologic disorder depends on the positive features of the history and examination.

Positive features of functional softness on examination include the Hoover sign, when there is the weakness of hip extension that regularizes with contralateral hip flexion, and the abductor thigh sign, thigh abduction weakness which is normalized with the abduction of the contralateral thigh. Signs of functional tremors include entrainment and distraction.

The trembling patient should be asked to copy the rhythmic movements with one hand or one foot. If the tremor on the other hand follows the same rhythm, stops, or if the patient has trouble copying a simple movement, this may indicate a functional tremor.

Functional dystonia usually presents with an inverted ankle stance or with a clenched fist. Positive features of dissociative or nonepileptic seizures include prolonged immobile unresponsiveness, long-lasting episodes (> 2 minutes), and dissociative symptoms before the seizure. These signs can be usefully discussed with patients when making the diagnosis.

Patients with functional movement disorders and limb faintness may experience the onset of symptoms triggered by an episode of acute pain, bodily injury, or physical trauma. They may also experience symptoms when faced with a psychological stressor, but this is not the case for most patients. Patients with functional neurological disorders are more likely to have a history of another disease, such as irritable bowel syndrome, chronic pelvic pain, or fibromyalgia, but this cannot be used to make a diagnosis.

FND does not show up on blood tests or structural brain images, such as MRI or CT. However, this is also the case for many other neurological conditions, so negative investigations should not be used alone to make the diagnosis. However, FND can occur along with other neurological diseases, and tests can show nonspecific abnormalities that confuse clinicians and patients.

Treatment for a functional neurological disorder

There is no best treatment for a conversion disorder. A physician is likely to provide support and reassurance and tailor treatment goals to the specific situation.

Most doctors will explain the limits of what the physical exam and tests could show about symptoms. They try to avoid confronting the individual with the idea that the symptoms are “false”, because the symptoms are often distressing and are not under the control of the person. It is helpful to avoid overly intrusive and uncomfortable medical tests, while still monitoring symptoms.

Symptoms occasionally go away on their own after the stress has been reduced, the conflict has been resolved, or the family or public has responded with concern and support.

If symptoms do not recover relatively quickly, more vigorous rehabilitation may be required. Physical or occupational therapy can be helpful.

Psychotherapy can deliver relief, although there is no evidence that one type of therapy is more effective than another. Many therapists will focus on encouragement and motivational interviewing, with the goal of improving functioning.

If the source of the conflict or stress can be determined, it can be helpful to know what triggered the symptoms. For instance, the person may be in conflict about leaving home, starting a new job, or having a first child.

In psychotherapy, the person can learn to cope with conflict or withdraw from the source of distress. In either case, the physical symptoms can go away. Performance remains a higher priority than knowledge.

As with psychotherapy, there is no single drug that is best for this disorder. Medication can be helpful in treating an underlying problem with anxiety or depression.

General Topics

Overview of Nervous System Problems in Women | Neurology

What are the nervous system problems in women?

The nervous system problems in women may be a complex and complicated system that regulates and coordinates bodily activities. it’s made from two main divisions, including the following:

  • Central system nervous: It consists of the brain and medulla spinalis.
  • Peripheral system nervous: It consists of all the opposite neural elements, including the peripheral nerves and therefore the autonomic nerves.

In addition to the brain and medulla spinalis, the main organs of the system nervous include the following:

  • Eyes
  • Ears
  • Sensory organs of taste
  • Sensory organs of smell
  • Sensory receptors located within the skin, joints, muscles, and other parts of the body.

The nervous system is subject to various disorders. It can be harmed by the following:

  • Trauma
  • Infections
  • Degeneration
  • Structural defects
  • Tumors
  • Interruption of blood flow
  • Autoimmune disorders

Nervous system problems in women can involve the following:

  • Vascular disorders, like stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural hemorrhage, and extradural hematoma and hemorrhage
  • Infections, like meningitis, encephalitis, polio, and epidural abscess
  • Structural disorders, like brain or medulla spinalis injury, Bell’s palsy, cervical spondylosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, brain or medulla spinalis tumors, peripheral neuropathy, and Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Functional disorders, like headache, epilepsy, dizziness, and neuralgia
  • Degeneration, like paralysis, MS, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington’s chorea, and Alzheimer’s disease

Symptoms of nervous system problems in women

The following are the foremost common general signs and symptoms of nervous system problems in women. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently.

Symptoms of nervous system problems in women can include:

  • Persistent or sudden headache
  • A headache that changes or is different
  • Loss of sensation or tingling
  • Weakness or loss of muscle strength
  • Loss of sight or diplopia
  • Memory loss
  • Impaired brain
  • Lack of coordination
  • Muscular stiffness
  • Tremors and seizures
  • Back pain that radiates to the feet, toes, or other parts of the body
  • Loss of muscle mass and difficulty speaking
  • New language impairment (expression or comprehension)

The symptoms of nervous system problems in women may resemble other medical conditions or problems. Always consult your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

There are many sorts of nervous system problems in women, including:

  • Alzheimer’s disease (AD)
  • Epilepsy
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Paralysis agitans
  • Migraines

Causes of nervous system problems in women

If you think that you simply or a beloved could also be affected by one among these nervous system problems in women, you’ll even be wondering what causes a nervous disorder. The causes of such dysfunction are often quite diverse. Both the medulla spinalis and therefore the brain is insulated by numerous membranes that will be susceptible to force and pressure. Peripheral nerves located deep under the skin also can be susceptible to damage. Nervous system problems in women can affect a whole neurological pathway or one neuron. Even a little alteration during a neuron’s structural pathway may result in dysfunction. As a result, neurological disorders are often thanks to a variety of causes, including:

  • Lifestyle-related causes
  • Infections
  • Genetics
  • Nutrition-related causes
  • Environmental influences
  • Physical injuries


Medication Options for nervous system problems in women

While it’s understandable that the thought of being diagnosed with a nervous disorder is often terrifying, it’s important to know that there are medication options for nervous system problems in women. These options can assist you or your beloved in better control your condition, reduce symptoms, and improve your quality of life.

Neurological drugs: Possible options for nervous system problems in women

The type of drugs which will be wont to treat your nervous disorder will depend upon your condition. Possible neurological drug options may include corticosteroids, which are often indicated for the treatment of MS . this sort of drug can help decrease inflammation. Medications that affect dopamine, like levodopa, are commonly utilized in the treatment of Parkinson’s to assist with stiffness and tremors.

Side effects of medicines

When taking medication to treat any condition or disorder, it’s important to know that you simply may experience certain side effects. The side effects of medicines associated with the treatment of neurological disorders may vary counting on your own situation and therefore the sort of medication in question. In some cases, you’ll develop a dependence on the drugs you’re taking. this will occur albeit it’s a prescription and you’re taking it to treat significant ill health, like a nervous disorder.

Depression and neurological problems

Depression and neurological problems are often interrelated. thanks to the debilitating nature of depression, people that suffer from it, also as neurological problems, can find it challenging to recover without professional assistance. There are many treatment options available that will assist you to treat your depression, including combination therapy with medications.

Dual diagnosis: Addiction and neurological disorders

Seeking the assistance of a middle that gives the power to form a dual diagnosis, as the diagnosis of an addiction aggravated by a nervous disorder, is critical to achieving optimal recovery. If one problem is treated but the opposite isn’t treated, the probabilities of a full recovery may decrease. At a treatment center that focuses on addressing both addiction and neurological issues, you’ll be ready to receive the critical assist you need for your addiction while ensuring that your nervous disorder is treated also.

Diagnosis of nervous system problems in women

Assessing and diagnosing harm to the sensory system is confounded and complex. A significant number of the equivalent symptoms happen in various mixes among the various issues. To additionally confound the symptomatic cycle, numerous issues don’t have complete causes, markers, or tests.

Notwithstanding a total clinical history and physical test, symptomatic strategies for nervous system problems in women may incorporate the accompanying:

  • Computed tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan)
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Electrodiagnostic tests, such as electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction velocity (NCV)
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Arteriogram (also called an angiogram)
  • Spinal tap (also called a lumbar puncture)
  • Evoked potentials
  • Myelogram
  • Neurosonography
  • Ultrasound (also called sonography)

Treatment of nervous system problems in women

Neurological disorders are undoubtedly one of the foremost terrifying diseases that humans face. Other sorts of dysfunction, like cancer or viruses, are a minimum of easily understood, if not so easily treated. A malfunctioning pancreas, problematic because it could also be, doesn’t strike the guts of what it means to be human, and can basically leave its victim intact as an individual.

Knowledge is usually the sole power that exists against the vagaries of neurological diseases. Learning the causes of neurological problems can make the difference between a totally voting patient who is responsible for his or her own care decisions and a helpless and terrifying subject who is preoccupied with mysterious ailments that make no sense.

Therapies for neurological disorders

Aside from the question of cure, sometimes patients with neurological problems can receive rehabilitation as a part of an attempt to revive some lost function. this is often usually a hopeful sign because it is rare to seek out a patient assigned to therapy when there’s little or no hope of a minimum of partial recovery. Therapies for nervous system problems in women can often consist of:

  • Lifestyle changes to stop or minimize the impact of such conditions.
  • Physiotherapy to regulate symptoms and restore some function
  • Pain management, as many deficiencies are often related to considerable discomfort
  • Medications to revive function or prevent a worsening of the patient’s condition

Cognitive therapy treatments

One approach to treating primarily behavioral neurological problems is understood as cognitive behavioral therapy, formerly referred to as talk therapy. CBT focuses on reorienting a patient’s thoughts and behavior associated with their disability. While this is often obviously not an adequate response to several brain and systema nervosum disorders, like paralysis agitans or epilepsy, it’s shown a big effect in treating ADHD, anxiety, and other mood disorders. , and a spread of mainly psychogenic deficiencies.

It’s several advantages, one among which is that it doesn’t pose the danger of side effects like medications or other interventions might. CBT can often be administered by someone aside from a physician, although it must be administered by licensed therapists. it’ll often be among the primary options for patients, given its generally non-invasive nature.

Other therapeutic methods

Clearly, CBT isn’t necessary in the case of patients recovering from a stroke, traumatic injury, or degenerative brain diseases. In cases like these, other therapeutic methods are preferred. These can range from medications like neuroleptics (haloperidol and chlorpromazine, for example) that are wont to treat organic brain disorders like schizophrenia, to comparatively simple pain relievers, like ibuprofen, acetaminophen, and opiates to treat the painful effects of the many neurological diseases.

Residential inpatient neurological treatment centers

One of the choices nearby might be any number of residential inpatient neurological treatment centers. These institutions, sometimes mentioned simply as rehabilitation centers, often focus their attention on treatable disorders, the most ones being problems of alcoholic abuse and other chemical dependencies.

Luxury neurological treatment facilities

The sometimes bitter pill of relocation and treatment can be sweetened considerably at the prospect of admission to one of the many luxury neurological treatment facilities. They are mostly inpatient or residential care facilities but provide care in a resort-like setting.

Executive neurological treatment programs

Often, those with behavioral deficiencies, such as addictions to substances or processes, will have a difficult time breaking away from the ongoing demands of everyday life. They may have jobs that don’t allow them time off or family responsibilities. In cases like these, you can arrange treatment into an executive neurological treatment program that specializes in quickly addressing the needs of the inpatient clinical patient and quickly reintegrating them into their jobs and families.

Outpatient neurological rehabilitation and treatment programs

Sometimes patients and their care providers feel that the demands of hospital care are excessive or impossible due to life circumstances. In cases like this, outpatient neurological rehabilitation and treatment programs may be the most desirable option for treatment. By maintaining a stable residence, a patient in this type of therapeutic treatment course will often present to an outpatient clinic for a specified period to receive agreed-upon care.

Prescription and over-the-counter drugs

A valuable adjunct to the clinical care of those with nervous system problems in women is the provision of effective prescription and non-prescription medications. While not all brain and nervous system conditions respond to medication, a surprising number do, and it is rare for a healthcare provider to overlook such a powerful tool for managing the effects of neurological problems.

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What Are The Neurological Disorders In Women? | Neurology

Overview of neurological disorders in women

How women experience neurological diseases differently from men

Neurological Disorders In Women comprise more than half the population in the United States, but until somewhat recently, they weren’t routinely included in clinical trials or other medical research. That changed in 1994 when Congress mandated that scientists begin including women in their studies as a matter of course. Scientists believed that studying male subjects served just as well as including both sexes, but that isn’t always true.

Different lens

The idea that biological sex is associated with a variety of diseases has gained recognition in the past two decades, thanks to several trends. For example, in 2001, a report from the Institute of Medicine explored the biological contribution of human health, sexual matter? Researchers have found that every cell has sex, and sex differences begin in the womb and continue throughout life. In 2006, two gender-specific organizations were established. Then, in 2016, the National Institute of Health introduced a policy for all scientists applying for research funding to consider the role of sex as a variable in studies involving cells, animals, and humans.

There are notable differences in risk factors, symptoms, and disease progression between women and men with several conditions, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and neurological disorders. Scientists continue to have a better understanding of the anatomical, neurological, chemical, and functional differences in how different medical conditions affect men and women, leading to better diagnosis and treatment.

Parkinson’s disease

Men are one and a half times more likely to be diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease than women, according to the Parkinson’s Foundation. Women also tend to be diagnosed much later, long after symptoms are present.

Diagnosis: Because more men than women are diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease, primary care doctors are less likely to consider it in women who have the symptoms.

Symptoms: Women are more likely to have cognitive changes such as fatigue and stiffness.

Medications: Some medications prescribed for Parkinson’s disease can cause osteoporosis, which increases the risk of developing osteoporosis, especially in women who are already at risk. Women are also more likely than men to experience side effects such as nausea, drowsiness, dizziness, and headaches.

Hormones: Estrogen, the predominantly female hormone, has some protective effect. Researchers believe it can prevent inflammation common in Parkinson’s disease or the hormone increases the release and expression of growth factors in cells that surround neurons responsible for ensuring and maintaining the survival of those neurons.

Menstrual cycle: Young women with Parkinson’s disease experience a toxic cycle when it comes to a difficult period. Medications for Parkinson’s also affect the menstrual cycle, which regulates periods.

Birth control pills: The effects of birth control pills are not well established, but since hormonal fluctuations affect symptoms, using birth control pills can help reduce the length and severity of periods to maintain symptoms.

Pregnancy: There have been many reports of successful pregnancies in women with Parkinson’s disease, but the options must be chosen carefully during pregnancy. Levodopa is safe, but some Parkinson’s disease medications can cause birth defects if taken during pregnancy.


Statistics: Migraines are three times as common in women as in men.

Diagnosis: Women tend to be diagnosed with migraine earlier than men.

Symptoms: Migraine symptoms are generally worse for women, but women are also more likely to get treated for them. However, men have fewer headache days per month, less disability, and less skin sensitivity than women with migraine.

Medications: A class of drugs that constrict blood vessels in the brain, were equally effective for treating migraines in women and men with similar rates of adverse reactions.

Hormones: During perimenopause, migraines may worsen. After menopause, when hormone levels stabilize, most women get better.

Menstrual cycle: Migraines can be “more severe, longer-lasting, and less responsive to treatment [around menstruation]. For migraines that are exacerbated by menstruation, women might take additional medicine or higher doses of the usual drug. To blunt the cyclical hormonal fluctuations, long-acting triptans are often used, but some patients are also placed on hormonal therapy.

Birth control pills: Taking an oral contraceptive can make migraines better or worse, depending on the individual’s response and the type of hormones in the pill. Birth control pills can also decrease the effectiveness of migraine medications, or vice versa, which can increase the chances of an unplanned pregnancy. For example, topiramate (Topamax) can make birth control pills less effective, requiring women to take higher doses to ensure they’re effective.

Pregnancy: Sometimes, migraines get better during pregnancy, although this is less likely for those who have migraine with aura (vision changes such as seeing zigzag or squiggly lines). And some migraine drugs, including divalproex sodium, topiramate, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, may increase the risk of birth defects during pregnancy.

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How Women Experience Neurological Diseases | Neurology

What are neurological diseases in women?

Women have specific health problems, often related to childbirth, and in some cases, the preference for girls is not new. However, it is good to look at the work of recognizing gender differences and deal with them in detail.

Neurological diseases in women

Here are the most common neurological diseases in women which are following:

1. Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is a brain disorder and also it is one of the neurological diseases in women that can cause tremors, stiffness, and difficulty walking, maintaining balance, and coordination.

The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease usually start gradually and get worse over time. As the disease progresses, people may find it difficult to walk and speak, this is the main problem in neurological disease. They may also have mood and behavior changes, trouble sleeping, depression, memory difficulties, and fatigue.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease

In general, women with Parkinson’s disease have the same motor and non-motor characteristics as men with Parkinson’s disease. More women than men experience tremors and painful muscle contractions in the morning.

  • Shaking of the hands, arms, legs, or face
  • The appearance of limbs and trunk
  • Slow movement
  • The gradual loss of sudden movements (bradykinesia)
  • Weak equilibrium
  • Coordination error
  • Depression
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Memory or thinking impairment
  • Problems urinating or constipation

Although the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are very individual, some studies have found minor differences in how symptoms appear in women and men.

2. Migraine

Women experience migraines differently than men. Women report episodic pain (often longer) and chronic pain more often than men. Changes in estrogen levels cause more severe and frequent migraine attacks. Research has linked hormones to migraines, but not all migraines are hormonal.

Symptoms of migraine

The main symptom of hormonal headaches is a headache or migraine. However, many women experience other symptoms that can help doctors diagnose hormonal headaches.

Structural or hormonal migraines are similar to normal migraines and may or may not be preceded. Migraine is a pain that begins on one side of the head. It is sensitive to light and to nausea or vomiting.

Other symptoms of hormonal headaches:

  • Lack of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Acne
  • Joint pain
  • Decreased urination
  • Lack of coordination
  • Constipation
  • Cravings for alcohol, salt, or chocolate

3. Alzheimer’s Disease

The life expectancy of a woman who develops Alzheimer’s at age 65 is 5 out of 1. Since breast cancer is a real concern for women, women in their 60s are twice as likely to develop Alzheimer’s over the course of the year. of their life. Development of breast cancer.

There are many biological and social reasons why more women than men have Alzheimer’s or another dementia. The current difference is that women live longer than men on average, and aging is a major risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers now wonder if women of any age are at increased risk for Alzheimer’s because of biological or genetic variations or differences in life experiences.

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease

Specific symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease:

  • Difficulty remembering newly learned information
  • Severe memory loss
  • Confusion and confusion about events, time, and place
  • Changes in mood and behavior
  • Unfounded suspicions about family, friends, and guardians
  • Problems like talking, swallowing, and walking

6. Epilepsy

Epilepsy is also a neurological disease in women & men, can be said that epilepsy does not discriminate. It gives men and women the same rate. Men are slightly more likely to develop it than women. But this does not always mean that it affects men and women in the same way. Women definitely have specific problems that they need to understand and be prepared for.

Currently, about one million women and girls live with epilepsy and other epileptic disorders. If you are one of them, you know there are things to worry about in men and boys with epilepsy. For example, you may notice that you have more seizures during your fighting cycle and want to know why. You may wonder if it is safe to get pregnant. You may wonder if it is safe to take antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy.

You’re not alone. Approximately 200,000 new cases of seizures and epilepsy occur each year. The specific problems that affect women and girls are so important that the Epilepsy Foundation has created a special initiative on women and epilepsy.

7. Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered an autoimmune disease (neurological diseases in women) that affect the brain and spinal cord of the central nervous system. The disease affects more women than men.

According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, women are three times more likely than men to get MS. The disease also causes unique symptoms in women. But women and men mostly share the same characteristics of MS. 

Symptoms of multiple sclerosis

MS symptoms that primarily affect women appear to be related to hormone levels. Some researchers believe that low testosterone levels may play a role. Others attribute fluctuations in female hormones to one cause.

More research is needed to determine the true causes of these characteristic differences. The main symptoms that affect women more than men are men’s problems, pregnancy-related symptoms, and menopausal problems.

Menstrual problems: Research has shown that some women experience an increase in MS symptoms during their period. This may be due to a decrease in estrogen levels during that time. Symptoms exacerbated for study participants included weakness, imbalance, depression, and fatigue.

Pregnancy-related symptoms: Some good news for women with MS: Research has shown that MS has no effect on fertility. This means that MS will not prevent you from getting pregnant and giving birth to a healthy baby.

The even better news is that, for many women, MS symptoms stabilize or improve during pregnancy, especially in the second and third trimesters. However, it is common for them to return the next delivery.

Menopause: In some women, some research has found that MS symptoms get worse after menopause. Like the symptoms of menopause, it can be caused by a decrease in estrogen levels caused by menopause. Studies show that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can help reduce symptoms in menopausal women.

However, HRT increases the risk of breast cancer, heart disease, and stroke. If you have questions about whether HRT can help you manage your MS symptoms after menopause, speak with your doctor.

8. Stroke

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension and is the most common neurological diseases in women, is a major risk factor for stroke in women. More than 2 in 5 women have blood pressure greater than 130/80 mmHg or are taking medications to control their blood pressure. The risk of stroke increases with age and women live longer than men.

There are also specific risk factors for women with stroke:

  • You have high blood pressure at the time
  • Use certain types of birth control pills, especially if you also smoke. 1 in 8 women smoke
  • Depression has high rates.
Symptoms of stroke

Neurological diseases in women like stroke may report symptoms not related to strokes in men. These include:

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Convulsions
  • Hiccup
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Pain
  • Seizures or loss of consciousness
  • General weakness
  • Since these symptoms are unique to women, it is difficult to link them to an immediate stroke. This delays treatment, which can prevent recovery.

If you are a woman and you do not know if your symptoms are a stroke, you should call your local emergency services. Once paramedics arrive on the scene, they can assess your symptoms and begin treatment if necessary.

General Topics

Things to know about Multiple Sclerosis in Children | Neurology

What is multiple sclerosis in children?

Multiple Sclerosis in Children is a disorder of the central nervous system. This means that it affects the brain and spinal cord. It is an autoimmune disease as well as inflammatory – meaning that white blood cells, which protect against infection, enter the nervous system, and cause damage. The damage occurs because the myelin sheath, the protective covering of nerves, is stripped of antibodies produced by the immune system. (This is called demyelination). Multiple sclerosis is a long-term disease that can happen to anyone.

Multiple sclerosis begins in children or teenagers. About 98% have relapsing and migratory MS, versus 84% ​​of adults with MS. This means that symptoms come and go (relapse and remission). When symptoms disappear, the disease can still progress. This condition may also be called pediatric multiple sclerosis (POMS), early MS, or juvenile MS. Relapses seem to occur more often in children and teens. This group appears to recover from neurological disability more quickly but is at increased risk of cognitive difficulties that can affect schoolwork.

Symptoms of multiple sclerosis in children

MS symptoms depend on which nerves are affected. Because myelin damage is intermittent and can affect any part of the central nervous system, symptoms of MS are unpredictable and vary from person to person. In children, Multiple sclerosis is often the relapsing and dormant type. This means that the disease alternates between relapses, in which a person appears new symptoms, and calm, where there are only mild or no symptoms.

Attacks can last from days to weeks, and remission can last for months or years. Ultimately, the disease can progress to permanent disability. Most symptoms of multiple sclerosis in children are the same as in adults, include:

  • Weakness
  • Tingling and numbness
  • Eye problems, including vision loss, pain with eye movement, and double vision
  • Balance problems
  • Difficulty walking
  • Shivering
  • Spasticity (constant muscle contraction)
  • Problems with bowel and bladder control
  • Unclear

Symptoms such as weakness, numbness, tingling, and vision loss usually occur on one side of the body at a time. Mood disorders occur more frequently in children with MS. Depression is the most common, occurring in about 27 per cent of children with MS. Other frequent causes include:

  • Anxiety
  • Bipolar depression
  • Adjustment disorder
  • Panic disorder

Almost 30 per cent of children with multiple sclerosis have a cognitive impairment or problem with their thinking. Include the most affected activities:

  • Memory
  • Information processing
  • Executive functions like planning, organizing, and decision-making
  • Attention span
  • Speed and coordination performing tasks

Some symptoms appear more frequently in children but rarely in adults. These symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Lethargy

Causes of multiple sclerosis in children

The cause of multiple sclerosis in children (and adults) is unknown. It is not contagious, and there is nothing that can be done to prevent it. However, there are several things that appear to increase your risk of developing it:

  • Genetics/family history: MS is not inherited from the parents, but if a child has certain sets of genes or a parent or sibling has MS, they are more likely to develop it.
  • Exposure to the Epstein-Barr virus: This virus may act as a trigger that releases MS in children exposed to it. However, many children are exposed to the virus and do not develop MS.
  • Low levels of vitamin D: MS is found more often in people in northern climates where there is less sunlight than around the equator. Our bodies need sunlight to produce vitamin D, so people in northern climates tend to have lower levels of vitamin D. Researchers believe this may imply a link between multiple sclerosis and low vitamin D. Additionally, low vitamin D levels increase the risk of relapse.
  • Exposure to smoking: Cigarette smoke, both direct use and passive exposure, has been shown to increase the risk of developing multiple sclerosis.

Evaluation and diagnosis of multiple sclerosis in children

Children who have been diagnosed with MS have a type called relapsing multiple sclerosis. This type of multiple sclerosis in children is characterized by recurrent episodes that cause new or worsening neurological symptoms, followed by periods without new symptoms, called remissions.

At the time of the first attack, it is not always clear whether the diagnosis of MS is appropriate because the relapsing disease has not yet occurred. New relapses or attacks will confirm your child’s diagnosis and provide insight to help their doctors better manage their care.

There is no single diagnostic test for MS. In most cases, MS is diagnosed in a combination of ways. Your child’s health care provider will take a thorough medical history and order tests that may include:

  • Neurological examination
  • Magnetic resonance imaging to check for lesions in the brain, spinal cord, or optic nerves
  • Lumbar puncture to check the cerebrospinal fluid for antibodies and proteins associated with multiple sclerosis

In some patients, the first MRI scan shows multiple lesions so closely aligned with MS that multiple sclerosis in children can be diagnosed after only one clinical attack. While not common, an early diagnosis can provide an important opportunity for early treatment.

Treatment of multiple sclerosis in children

Although there is no cure for multiple sclerosis in children, there are treatments aimed at reducing new lesions and relapses and slowing the progression of the disease:

  • Steroids can reduce inflammation and reduce the length and severity of relapses.
  • Plasma exchange, which removes antibodies that attack myelin, may be used to treat relapse if steroids do not work or are not tolerated.

Certain symptoms may be treated with other medicines to improve the quality of life. Physical, occupational and speech therapy can also be helpful for children with multiple sclerosis.

Follow-up care

Close follow-up of multiple sclerosis in children is vital to long-term outcomes, and this is provided at the CHOP Children’s Clinic with Multiple Sclerosis and Inflammatory Neurological Disorders. We closely follow children for evidence of relapse, and to monitor drug efficacy. Follow-up MRI studies will also be required on a regular basis, and we will personally review these images during clinic visits.

long-term outlook

Multiple sclerosis in children is a chronic condition that must be dealt with throughout life. The course of the disease is difficult to predict and varies from person to person. Some have long periods of remission while others have frequent seizures.


An Introduction to Neuropalliative Care | Neurology

What is neuropalliative care?

Neuropalliative care helps children with serious medical conditions. Caregiving can help families set goals and make treatment decisions for children.

Palliative medicine, by definition, describes medical care that focuses on relieving symptoms, discomfort, or stress caused by a serious illness. Traditionally, this has meant supporting children with cancer. It is also estimated that almost half of the children who can benefit from palliative care services live with neurological, degenerative, or genetic conditions.

Neuropalliative care is designed to meet the ongoing needs of children with chronic neurodevelopmental deficiencies such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular dystrophy, and spina bifida. Neuropathic care does not mean life-long care or palliative care; Ultimately, it improves the child’s enjoyment of life and spends more time with the family.

Neuropalliative care is an important resource for patients and families confronting severe brain injury. Although many clinicians equate brain injury with certain death or futility, survivors have substantial needs that might be met by palliative care expertise. This chapter suggests that the boundaries of palliative medicine include those with severe brain injury, most notably those in the minimally conscious state and that with this nosological expansion practitioners of palliative care reflect carefully on often nihilistic attitudes directed towards patients with disorders of consciousness. This chapter establishes how to better meet the needs of these patients and their surrogates, reviewing definitional criteria for the vegetative and minimally conscious states, highlighting advances in diagnostic and therapeutic interventions (such as neuroimaging, drugs, and deep brain stimulation), and considering what neuroprosthetic devices tell us of the capacity of patients to experience-and functionally communicate-pain, distress, and suffering.

Support for neuropalliative care

Many of our patients with neurological disorders experience chronic, life-changing conditions due to their diagnosis.

Neuropathic care focuses on the physical and psychological management of neurological conditions, supporting family, friends, and caregivers affected by the patient’s diagnosis and prognosis.

Patients affected by the following conditions can benefit from assisted care:

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Muscular dystrophies
  • Parkinson’s disease (PD)

Our care for Neuropalliative care

We work with your current providers to create a roadmap for your care. Starting conversations early in managing your illness can prepare you and your loved ones well for the road ahead.

Our program includes the following:

  • Physical, mental, and cognitive problems, including memory, pain, and anxiety
  • Counseling for spiritual, social, and psychological problems related to your illness
  • Transitions in Future Planning and Care: End-of-Life Options, Advance Instructions, and Palliative Care
  • Access to social resources
  • Communication between caregivers and patients
  • Caregiver support and rest 

Conditions Neuropalliative care treatment

Neuropalliative care consultations are useful for children or adolescents:

  • Experiences that cause physical symptoms, such as recurring pain, shortness of breath, or trouble eating
  • You have new or chronic health problems that require long-term maintenance
  • Shows signs of deteriorating health
  • We are faced with important care decisions in months or years
  • They were hospitalized for a long time with no clear discharge goals
  • Experience multiple hospitals in six months
  • You live with a life-limiting condition or have been recently diagnosed
  • Have concerns related to physical, spiritual, or emotional needs
  • Palliative care can help families develop strategies to address medical crises, illnesses, and interventions